Loss Relief: The Give and The Take
Share Loss Relief
There has been some good news for those companies wishing to offset losses from previous years to reduce their tax liability. This follows the European Commission’s challenge against the UK’s conditions to qualifying for the share loss relief scheme for income and corporation tax. Under this scheme, certain taxpayers could set a capital loss on a disposal of unquoted shares in a trading company against its income. The Commission took exception to one of those conditions, namely that the unquoted trading company had to carry on its business wholly or mainly in the UK.
A reasoned opinion was issued by the Commission in January 2019 which found such a condition to be incompatible with EU law. The Finance Bill 2020, which was debated at second reading on 27 April 2020, repeals this condition. However, this will only effect disposals that take place on or after 24 January 2019. This said, as the illegality of this condition has been confirmed by the Commission and impliedly accepted by the Government, it is possible that taxpayers could make claims for share loss relief where disposals occurred before 24 January 2019.
Should you be interested in the broader applicability share loss relief, please contact any member of our team who will be able to advise further.
Corporate Capital Loss Restriction
Unfortunately, the Finance Bill 2020 does not bring entirely good news for those seeking loss relief. This is because it also implements the corporate capital loss restrictions (CCLR) originally announced in Budget 2018.
This will bring carried-forward capital losses into the same regime as the corporate income losses restrictions (CILR) regime. Once enacted, this will mean that a deductions allowance of £5 million, which originally only applied to CILR, will be shared across the two restrictions. As such, where carried-forward capital losses exceed this allowance, the amount of chargeable gains that can be relieved will be restricted to 50%.
The CCLR will not, however, apply to the following:
- The offset of Basic Life Assurance and General Annuity Businesses (BLAGAB) losses against BLAGAB gains;
- Ring fenced allowable capital losses arising in certain UK extraction activities of oil and gas companies;
- Real estate investment trusts where the capital losses are attributable to property income distributions.
Although the Bill has only just debated at second reading at the end of last month, and the Public Bill Committee are not scheduled to report until 25 June 202, these provisions will apply to accounting periods beginning on or after 1 April 2020. Accounting periods that begin before this date but end after it will be split into two notional periods and will generally be treated as if they were two separate accounting periods.
An Assessment to Tax is never ‘stale’, but it might be out of date: HMRC v Tooth
This article briefly discusses the key points arising out of the decision of the UK Supreme Court in HMRC v Tooth  UKSC 17. The case considered (1) whether a discovery assessment could become “stale” and (2) the meaning of the phrase “deliberate inaccuracy”.
VATA 1994 s.47, Agency, Onward Supply Relief, & Double Taxation
On 12 July 2021, the First-tier Tribunal (Tax Chamber) (“FTT”) released its decision in Scanwell Logistics (UK) Limited v HMRC  UKFTT 261 (TC), rejecting the taxpayer’s claim for onward supply relief (“OSR”).
Whilst OSR is now limited, post-Brexit, to goods imported into Northern Ireland for onward supply to the EU, the FTT’s discussion of agency under section 47 of the Value Added Tax Act 1994 (“VATA”) is of broader interest.
The case serves as a reminder of the significant financial consequences that can result from errors in tax planning, as Scanwell was ultimately held liable for £5.7 million in unpaid import VAT despite the fact that the imported goods almost immediately left the UK (which, if properly planned, could have meant Scanwell was relieved from liability to import VAT).
Draft Finance Bill 2022—tax avoidance measures
Helen McGhee, senior associate at Joseph Hage Aaronson LLP, considers the draft Finance Bill 2022 clauses published on 20 July 2021 in relation to tax avoidance and recent updates to the tax avoidance regime.
Getting Closer: A Global Minimum Tax on Corporations
On 1 July 2021, US Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen announced that countries representing over 90% of global GDP had agreed to a global minimum tax on corporations (“GMCT”). The GMCT seeks to put a floor on tax competition on corporate income through the introduction of a minimum corporate tax of at least 15%. Whilst certain elements give rise to positive expectations, some caveats should be noted. Much will depend on (1) the outcome of future political negotiations and (2) the detail of the drafting at international and national levels.
The DBKAG & K (CJEU) decision: an opportunity for investment funds?
On 17 June 2021, the European Court decided the joint cases K (C-58/20) and DBKAG (C-59/20) regarding whether the supply of certain services constituted the “management of special investment funds”, benefiting from the VAT exemption enshrined in Article 135(1)(g) of Council Directive 2006/112/EC.