What is domicile and why does it matter for tax?

Author: Tom O’Reilly, - 13 May 2022
HMRC | Tax | Private Client

A quick review of the fundamental principle of domicile, why it matters for tax, and what the current political landscape has in store.

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Tax note: Financial Institution Notices (FIN)

Author: Nahuel Acevedo-Peña, - 10 Mar 2022
HMRC | Tax Transparency

Understanding paragraph 4A of Schedule 36 to the Finance Act (“FA”)

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SHORT CASE REPORT FTT DECISION – EXCISE DUTY - Cantina Levorato SRL v. HMRC [2021] UKFTT 461 (TC)

Author: Nahuel Acevedo-Peña, - 10 Mar 2022
HMRC | Tax Litigation Cases | Tax Litigation

Short Case Report on FTT Decision Excise Duty

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Fast Track for Register of Overseas Entities Owning UK Property

Author: Helen McGhee, - 08 Mar 2022

The invasion of Ukraine has prompted the UK government to speedily publish the draft legislation for the Economic Crime (Transparency and Enforcement) Bill 2022 which requires foreign entities that acquire UK property (freehold interests or leases granted for more than 7 years) to register with Companies House and declare details of their beneficial ownership.

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Global Minimum Tax on Corporations: OECD GloBE Model Rules and their implementation in the UK

Author: Nahuel Acevedo-Peña, - 22 Feb 2022

This article is a follow-up to our two previous articles of 20 August 2021 and 7 December 2021.

On 8 October 2021, the OECD/G20 published a statement confirming that 136 jurisdictions1 had agreed to a two-pillar solution to address the tax challenges that arise from the digitalisation of the economy and setting out an implementation plan.

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SHORT CASE REPORT FTT DECISION – ‘MTIC’ FRAUD – KITTEL TEST PTGI International Carrier Service Limited v. HMRC [2022] UKFTT 20 (TC)

Author: Nahuel Acevedo-Peña, - 21 Jan 2022

  1. A so-called “MTIC case”, in which HMRC alleged knowledge or means of knowledge of fraud.  The taxpayer, PTGI, denied those states of knowledge.  After a relatively lengthy trial, the Tribunal allowed the appeal of PTGI.
  2. The decision represents a good reminder that HMRC’s “MTIC” decision-making mould is not a “one size fits all”, unbeatable formula at the Tribunal.  The Tribunal will robustly analyse HMRC’s (usually) inference-led allegations.

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HMRC consultation on the OECD mandatory disclosure rules

Author: Helen McGhee, - 13 Jan 2022

HMRC has published a consultation on draft regulations to implement the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) rules on mandatory disclosure of certain avoidance arrangements. Helen McGhee and Nahuel Acevedo-Peña explain the background to the new rules and their implications.

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Post-Prudential: Decision released by the FTT

Author: Megan Durnford, - 13 Jan 2022

On 8 December 2021, judgment in the Post Prudential Group Litigation was handed down by the First-tier Tribunal (Tax Chamber) (“FTT”). These were appeals and applications for closure by approximately 200 taxpayers, who had made a variety of claims seeking repayment of unlawful DV tax imposed on dividends received from foreign portfolio holdings. The FTT considered the validity of these various statutory claims following decisions in test cases in the CFC & Dividend GLO, namely Claimants in Class 8 of the CFC and Dividend Group Litigation v Revenue and Customs Commissioners [2019] EWHC 338 (Ch), [2019] 1 WLR 5097 (“Class 8”) and Prudential Assurance Co Ltd v HMRC [2018] UKSC 39; [2019] AC 929 (“Prudential SC”).

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S&S Consulting Services (UK) Ltd v HMRC: Can a company be re-registered for VAT pending appeal?

Author: Nahuel Acevedo-Peña, - 15 Dec 2021

On 26 November 2021, the High Court of Justice issued its judgment in S&S Consulting Services (UK) Ltd, R (On the Application Of) v HM Revenue and Customs [2021] EWHC 3174. The case concerned the issue of availability of injunctive relief in the context of VAT deregistration appeals in the First-tier Tribunal (“FTT"). S&S also made an application for judicial review of HMRC’s decision to deregister it for VAT, which at the time of the hearing, had not yet been considered on the papers.

HMRC cancelled S&S’s VAT registration because it concluded that the company had been principally or solely registered to abuse the VAT system by facilitating VAT fraud. S&S denied any wrongdoing and claimed that it might become insolvent before the hearing of its appeal as a result of the deregistration.

It was also common ground that although S&S had lodged an appeal to the FTT, the FTT had no power to require HMRC to re-register S&S by way of interim relief pending the outcome of the appeal. S&S made an application to the High Court for relief.

Held: Application rejected.

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VAT De-registration: the CJEU decision in the Promexor case

Author: Nahuel Acevedo-Peña, - 08 Dec 2021

On 18 November 2021, the Court of Justice of the European Union (the “CJEU”) delivered its judgment in Case C-385/20 (Promexor Trade SRL v Directia Generala a Finantelor Publice Cluj – Administratia Judeteana a Finantelor Publice Bihor). Promexor is a Romanian company whose VAT number was revoked by the local tax authorities following a period of six months in which its VAT returns did not record any transactions subject to VAT. Under Romanian legislation, a company whose VAT number has been revoked could re-register and retroactively deduct input VAT for the period when it was not registered. However, in this case, Promexor was prevented from doing so because its director was also a shareholder of a company that was going through insolvency proceedings.

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